are now rediscovering their identity. >> home to a population of more than 1 million, the city is situated on the turkey -- turkish/i iraqi border. it is the unofficial capital of turkey. but it was not always. between the many minuets that make up the skyline are a few church towers. 100 years ago, it was mainly inhabited by armenians. these days, most of the church as they build are mere ruins. for this insurance salesman, these ruins are symbolic. as far as the authorities are concerned, he is turkish, and yet, he identifies as armenian. he is a descendant of survivors of the armenian massacre almost 100 years ago. >> how does a rundown, desecrated place such as this one makes you feel? >> to me, it represents a great tragedy. back then, people were told that they were being deported. but on the way, most of them were murdered. it was genocide, no question. members of my own family were among the victims. >> early in the first world war, around 1 million armenians were persecuted and killed by ottoman forces. public discussion of this chapter in history was taboo in turkey for decades.